Infertility is a frustrating experience in itself. It starts with trying to get pregnant for a year or more (six months for those over 35) and zero test success, and eventually hopefully a treatable diagnosis. This whole effort is a little tiring emotionally and physically, but oh, the payoff! You finally made your dream come true.
A diagnosis of unexplained infertility makes feelings of disappointment even stronger. where do you go from there Is this a real diagnosis or just a medical “result”? How do you and your fertility specialist deal with a diagnosis of unexplained infertility?
Unexplained infertility is a very real diagnosis and there is a cure. It is estimated that between 5% and 10% of couples experiencing infertility are diagnosed with unexplained infertility. Although medication is not as strict as treating certain conditions, your doctor will prescribe a course of action that will increase your chances of a successful pregnancy.
According to the definition of unexplained infertility, this occurs when standard infertility tests are inconclusive and cannot determine the cause of the inability to conceive. After fertility specialists performed a comprehensive series of tests and were unable to determine the cause, the patient’s diagnosis was deemed unexplained. Some doctors may call unexplained infertility idiopathic infertility, but the term is often used when talking about unexplained infertility but is narrowed down to male or female factors.
DIAGNOSIS OF INFERTILITY
The definition of unexplained infertility is the inability to determine the cause of a couple’s failed attempts to conceive. Due to the imperfection of medical tests, they tend to miss some subtle clues or flaws.
Mild forms of endometriosis are difficult to diagnose. With severe endometriosis, the woman experiences painful menstruation. Endometriosis often prevents an egg from entering the fallopian tube, or even ovulation itself. However, with mild endometriosis, you may have no visible symptoms and may be present enough to prevent fertilization.
Poor egg quality is another possible cause of unexplained infertility that is also easy to overlook. The closer you are to menopause, the less viable your eggs will be. Several basic medical conditions also cause poor egg quality.
Sperm quality can also be a cause of unexplained infertility. Although sperm count, motility, and shape are normal, sperm DNA problems are more common in older men. If the egg and sperm appear healthy but fertilization does not occur, this often indicates a problem with the quality of the egg or sperm. There is also the possibility that sperm can fertilize an egg but the cell will not grow and form a fetus.
Luteal phase defects are another possible cause of infertility, as are many miscarriages. The luteal phase is the phase of a woman’s menstrual cycle that occurs after ovulation but before menstruation. After ovulation, your ovaries produce the hormone progesterone. Your uterus responds to this hormone by thickening the lining. If you are not pregnant, the lining will come out as a period. When your egg is fertilized, it implants in the thickened lining of the uterus. If your uterus doesn’t respond to progesterone, the fertilized egg can’t attach and grow.
Every experience of unexplained infertility is unique, and for no apparent reason, your infertility is difficult to treat. However, some common treatments are often successful in such cases.
Scheduled Sex: Your fertility specialist will teach the couple to time intercourse with the woman’s ovulation for optimal fertilization. This is a very successful treatment for young couples.
Clomid injection or IUI: IUI (intrauterine insemination) occurs when a fertility specialist collects, washes, and concentrates semen and then inserts it directly into a woman’s uterus during ovulation. Using medications to stimulate ovulation Clomid or FSH injections with IUI increases the chances of pregnancy.
IVF: In vitro fertilization is the most effective treatment for unexplained infertility. The lab creates paired embryos from eggs and sperm and can test embryos for viability and chromosomal abnormalities before implanting your embryo.
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