Published : 2022/09/07 at 11:32 am

When all other conventional medical and surgical remedial procedures have failed, Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) is a sophisticated and biotechnologically advanced method that can help a couple to conceive. Both males and females can take advantage of the various assisted reproductive technology (ART) techniques.

ART technique is so advanced that it can work with your gametes (sperm and ovum) at the microscopic level (cellular level). This technique has helped millions of couples who have lost the hope of becoming parents and helped them to have a child. The method does not require any sexual activity, and the sperm and eggs are treated in a laboratory environment.

Types of Assisted Reproductive Technology

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

In vitro fertilization, also known as IVF, is the most common type of ART. In IVF treatment, eggs and sperm are collected, and fertilisation and embryo development take place in a laboratory, not in the human body. The embryo can then be placed inside the uterus by IVF doctors, where it makes connections to the uterine lining and leads to pregnancy. 

Egg and Sperm Preparation for ART

Sperm preparation and egg preparation step –

Superovulation: This is the first stage of IVF, it is also known as ovarian stimulation, ovulation induction, and stimulation of egg maturation. For 8 to 14 days, the person who donated their eggs (egg donor) received medication by injection. The ovaries can create more mature eggs at once with the help of this medication. With the help of ultrasound technology and blood tests, An IVF doctor observes the development of eggs, during the medication period.

Egg Retrieval: At this point, the doctor is now in a position to extract the eggs that had previously been stimulated by the hCG hormone. For starting the actual egg retrieval process, the ultrasound probe is inserted into the vagina. The ovaries and their follicles, where the eggs are located, can be seen by the medical professional using this probe. With the help of ultrasound probe a needle is directed into the vagina to the ovaries. The needle’s ability to suction allows it to collect eggs from the ovaries. This process takes not more than 30 minutes.

Fertilization: After the collection of eggs, sperm can be joined to fertilise them. Centrifugation is used to separate the sperm from the rest of the seminal fluid in semen samples that contain healthy sperm. After the separation of sperm, they are put in a petri dish with an egg and It has been left in the incubator to fertilize. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection which is also known as ICSI, used to help them fertilize if they can not fertilize on their own.

Embryo Implant: After the unfertilized eggs have been removed, within the six days, the Doctor put the developed fertilised embryos in the uterus. This process becomes easier with the help of a long, thin tube to transfer the embryo into the uterus. The embryo should attach to the uterine lining within 6 to 10 days of the first egg retrieval.

Post Implantation: For maintaining the health and safety of the mother and the unborn child, an IVF doctor regularly monitors the pregnancy after the embryo has been implanted in the uterus. Having regular open communication with a doctor or fertility specialist is very helpful to you for avoiding any pregnancy issues.

Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)

The Procedure known as intrauterine insemination or IUI, in this doctor inserts sperm into the uterus using a long, thin tube. In some cases, this treatment is paired with ovulation-stimulating drugs to increase the chances of getting pregnant.

Preparation of ART

There are a few things to consider before getting the body ready for a safe pregnancy before starting any type of fertility treatment. Cigarettes and alcohol should be fully eliminated, and the use of caffeine should also be reduced or eliminated. Habit of doing Regular exercise will help you manage your weight and relieve stress. You should also include eating healthy food habits that include consuming fewer quantities of foods with high nutritional value. A folic acid supplement should also be added. In addition, any chronic illnesses like high blood pressure, arthritis, diabetes, etc. should be managed with the help of doctors.

It is very important to see a doctor and go through any medications that are taken regularly before beginning treatment. Some medications have the potential to alter the results of fertility treatments or even result in birth defects so having a doctor review any prescription, over-the-counter medication, and herbal supplements is a crucial step. 

An overview of ART Procedure

Every step in an ART cycle takes place at a certain time during the course of a four to six-week period. A summary of the IVF process is provided here. The process starts a month before the actual ART procedure. Typically, an IVF cycle includes the following actions or processes:

  • medication for the increment in the number of eggs
  • Egg extraction from an ovary or ovaries
  • Eggs are fertilised with sperm.
  • Any resulting fertilised eggs should be cultured (embryos)
  • one or more embryos are inserted (“transferred”) into the uterus.
  • hormone support of the uterine lining to permit and sustain pregnancy

Option for what to do with Extra (unwanted) embryos

In the starting of IVF treatment, you may not pay attention to the possibility of having extra embryos at the end. Your focus will be only on having enough (or any) embryos to transfer. You should check if part of your IVF treatment fees includes cryopreservation of any additional unused embryos. Option for unwanted embryos are-

Save Extra Embryos for a Future Cycle

Saving the embryos for a future transfer is not a difficult choice if you’re thinking about expanding your family more. In fact, having extra embryos for this use might be really relieving.

Donate to Another Infertile Couple

Donating your unwanted embryos to another infertile couple could be another option for you. Some agencies or your fertility clinic may handle the embryo donation for you, but agencies can charge some fees to the recipient of unwanted embryos. An agency can provide you with the details of the receiver of your embryos.

Donate to Science

You also can donate your extra embryos for scientific research. you don’t have to worry that your donated embryos can become babies or children. In the researching process, your embryos will be destroyed, but the knowledge gained from those embryos can help many couples to have a baby.


Technology constantly processes and gives the world a new reproductive technology. People have many options, each of which is specially designed to deal with a specific issue. People have many options, each of which is specially designed to deal with a specific issue. There are many options for having a baby like ART procedure, IUI, Egg and sperm donation. People can take advantage of these technologies.

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