Published : 2022/09/19 at 1:11 pm

It’s not always as simple as we think to get pregnant. It requires more effort and medical assistance in order to become pregnant for many couples. This is where in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) and intrauterine insemination (IUI) come into play.


Infertility vs IVF

When nature isn’t working as it should be on its own, you can use IUI or IVF treatment, two artificial reproductive treatments. Sperm is directly put into your uterus during IUI. Egg stimulation, retrieval, lab fertilisation, and transfer are all steps in the multi-step reproductive method known as IVF.

IUI or IVF can be suggested by your fertility doctor if you’re having trouble conceiving naturally. These procedures may also be used if you’re trying to conceive using donor sperm, like if you’re in a same-sex relationship or decide to become a single parent.

What is Infertility

A problem with either you or your partner, or a combination of circumstances that prevent pregnancy, may be the cause of infertility. Luckily, there are many treatments that are risk-free and efficient and dramatically increase your chances of pregnancy.

When to visit a doctor

If you have not been routinely trying to conceive for at least a year, there is probably no need to see your doctor about infertility. However, women can consult with a infertility treatment doctor sooner if they:

  • If a person age of 35 years or older and have been trying to conceive for at least six months 
  • 40 years or older 
  • Irregular or non-existent periods
  • having really painful periods
  • having any known of fertility issues
  • Have experienced numerous miscarriages and/or endometriosis or pelvic inflammatory disease
  • have history of cancer treatment

Men should seek medical attention if they have:

  • low sperm count or other sperm-related issues
  • testicular, prostate, or sexual issues in the past
  • cancer treatment received

Causes of Male infertility

These may consist of:

  • Abnormal sperm function or production brought on by undescended testicles, genetic flaws, medical conditions like diabetes, or infectious diseases like chlamydia, gonorrhoea, the measles, or HIV. Varicocele, or enlarged veins in the testes, can also lower sperm quality.
  • Sexual issues, such as early ejaculation, certain hereditary illnesses, such cystic fibrosis, structural issues, including a blockage in the testicle, damage or injury to the reproductive organs, or issues with sperm distribution.
  • Overexposure to radiation and other environmental toxins, such as pesticides and other poisons. Fertility can also be impacted by cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, marijuana use, anabolic steroids, and prescription drugs for depression, high blood pressure, and bacterial infections. Regular heat exposure, like that found in saunas or hot tubs, can increase body temperature and have an impact on sperm production.
  • Damage brought on by cancer and the therapies used to treat it, such as chemotherapy or radiation. Sperm production can be negatively impacted by cancer treatment, sometimes significantly.

Causes of Female infertility

  • Ovulation disorders, which impede the ovaries’ ability to release eggs. Among them are endocrine conditions like polycystic ovary syndrome. The hormone that increases the production of breast milk, prolactin, which is present in excess amounts in the condition known as hyperprolactinemia, may also prevent ovulation.
  • Anomalies of the uterus or the cervix, such as polyps in the uterus or variations in the uterus’ form. Uterine fibroids, which are benign (noncancerous) tumours of the uterine wall, can prevent a fertilised egg from implanting in the uterus or block the fallopian tubes, both of which can result in infertility.
  • Fallopian tube damage or blockage: Inflammation of the fallopian tube is frequently the cause of fallopian tube injury or obstruction (salpingitis). This may be the outcome of pelvic inflammatory disease, which is typically brought on by endometriosis, adhesions, or a sexually transmitted infection.
  • Endometriosis: The ovaries, uterus, and fallopian tubes may all be affected by endometriosis, which develops when endometrial tissue spreads outside of the uterus.
  • Pelvic adhesions are bands of scar tissue that bind organs and can develop as a result of abdominal or pelvic surgery, appendicitis, endometriosis, or pelvic infections.
  • Cancer and its treatment: Female fertility is frequently hampered by some diseases, notably reproductive tumours. Both chemotherapy and radiation may have an impact on fertility.

Infertility Risk

Smoking: It is the main cause of infertility risk. Smoking dramatically worsens the results of fertility treatments and raises the risk of infertility in both sexes. Smoking during pregnancy increases the possibility of miscarriage. Reduced fertility has also been linked to passive smoking.

Chemotherapy: A few chemotherapy medications have been shown to drastically lower sperm counts or cause ovarian failure. It could lead to infertility risk.

Radiation: This can raise the chance of infertility issues if it is directed toward the reproductive organs.

Sexually transmitted diseases (STIs): Chlamydia can inflame a man’s scrotum and harm a woman’s fallopian tubes. Infertility may also result from several other STIs.

Age: Female fertility may begin to decline progressively before or around the age of 35, whereas male fertility declines beyond the age of 40, according to a reliable source.

Test Tube Baby

A successful human reproduction that uses techniques other than sex between a man and a woman and instead makes use of medical intervention that manipulates both the egg and sperm cells for successful fertilization is known as a “test-tube baby.” The phrase, which was first used to describe children born through the earliest forms of artificial insemination, is now more widely used to describe children born by in vitro fertilization, which is the process of fertilizing an egg outside of a woman’s body.


An X-ray dye test called a hysterosalpingogram allows your doctor to visualise your uterus and fallopian tubes. It can assist your doctor in identifying reproductive issues brought on by obstructed fallopian tubes. In HSG procedure, doctors use an X-ray to capture images of your fallopian tubes and uterus while they are filled with a specific substance. With the help of HSG, your doctor identifies problems with your reproductive anatomy that can make it difficult for you to conceive.


There are many difficulties with infertility. Your relationships and emotional well-being may be impacted. Treatments for infertility can be expensive and could put a burden on your budget. Your doctor can find the cause of infertility. This first step assists in determining the best course of action to enable you to successfully start a family. The majority of couples eventually have children, while some choose adoption. You can discuss possibilities with your physician.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.