Published : 2022/09/25 at 08:32 am

It can be defined as fertility, if you’ve tried to conceive with frequent, unprotected sex for at least a year and didn’t get any result.  About one-third of the time, infertility is caused by female causes, and about one-third of the time, by both female and male factors. In the other cases, the cause is either unknown or a mix of male and female variables.

Female Infertility

It can be so hard to find the causes of female infertility. Depending on the cause of infertility, there are many therapies. Many couples who cannot be able to conceive will eventually become parents naturally.

Ovulation issues are a common cause of infertility (the monthly release of an egg from the ovaries). Some issues hinder the release of an egg completely, while others only do so during specific cycles.

Symptoms of female infertility

The inability to become parents is the main sign of infertility. You may not be ovulating if your monthly cycle is too long (35 days or more), excessively short (less than 21 days), irregular, or non-existent. There might be some other additional symptoms or indicators of infertility.

When to visit a doctor

Depending on your age, you should get treatment when:

  • Most medical professionals advise attempting to conceive for at least a year before testing or therapy until age 35.
  • After six months of trying, talk to your doctor about your concerns if you’re between the ages of 35 and 40.
  • Your doctor could prescribe testing or therapy immediately away if you are over 40.

Cause of Female Infertility

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) – Ovulation is affected by the hormonal imbalance brought on by PCOS. PCOS is the reason for insulin resistance, obesity, abnormal body or facial hair development, and acne. PCOS is the main common reason for infertility in females.

Primary ovarian insufficiency – It is also known as premature ovarian failure and typically brought on by an autoimmune response or the early loss of eggs from your ovaries, which may be the result of genetics or chemotherapy. In women under the age of 40, the ovary reduces oestrogen production since it no longer produces eggs.

Fallopian tube damage (tubal infertility) – Fallopian tubes that are damaged or clogged keep sperm from reaching the egg or prevent the fertilised egg from entering the uterus.

Endometriosis – When tissue that normally develops in the uterus implants and expands in other areas, it results in endometriosis. The surgical excision of this excess tissue growth may result in scarring, which may obstruct fallopian tubes and prevent the egg and sperm from uniting.

Unexplained infertility – Sometimes the reason for infertility is never found. Unaccounted-for reproductive issues may be brought on by a confluence of multiple small factors present in both partners. Although it is upsetting to not receive a clear response, this issue can be cured itself with time. But you shouldn’t put off getting infertility therapy.

Male Infertility

A reproductive system issue known as infertility prevents you from becoming parents with your partner. You, your female partner or both of you may have infertility concerns if a male and a female engage in recurrent unprotected sex for more than a year and the female doesn’t become pregnant.

Symptoms of male infertility

Infertility itself is a symptom. The detrimental psychological and emotional effects infertility has on a couple that desires to have children are considerably harder to put into words. Having a child often takes centre stage in people’s life. Both men and women who are trying to get pregnant frequently experience feelings of depression, loss, grief, inadequacy, and failure.

People or couples who are going through any of these emotions might wish to get support from medical professionals like a therapist or psychiatrist who has experience working with infertility problems. These professionals can support you as you receive treatment and assist you in dealing with the situation realistically.

When to visit a doctor

Consult a physician if any of the following apply and you haven’t been able to conceive after a year of consistent, unprotected sexual activity or earlier:

  • Low sex drive, issues with erection or ejaculation, or other issues with sexual function
  • Testicle area ache, pain, bulge, or swelling
  • a background of testicular, prostate, or sexual issues
  • a scrotum, penis, testicles, or groyne operation
  • A spouse older than 35

Cause of Male infertility

Varicocele – Swelling of the veins that drain the testicle is known as Varicocele. It is the most frequent reason for male infertility that can be treated. Varicoceles may result in infertility for unclear reasons, however irregular blood flow may be a reason. Sperm quantity and quality are decreased as a result of varicoceles.

Infection – Some infections can be the cause of the damage of sperm health or production, or they can lead to scarring that blocks the passage of sperm. These include some sexually transmitted infections, like gonorrhoea or HIV, as well as inflammation of the testicles or epididymis (orchitis). Although some infections can cause irreversible damage to the testicles, most of the time it is treatable.

Sperm-attacking antibodies  – Immune system cells called anti-sperm antibodies sometimes wrongly detect sperm as dangerous invaders and try to destroy them.

Tumours – Cancers and benign tumours can directly harm the male reproductive organs, through reproductive hormone-producing tissues like the pituitary gland, or through unexplained causes. Surgery, radiation, or chemotherapy used to treat this type of disease can have an impact on male fertility.

Smoking – Smoking may decrease sperm counts in men compared to non-smokers. Male fertility may also be the cause of second-hand smoke.

Alcohol – Using alcohol can result in reducing testosterone levels and can lead to erectile dysfunction, and decreased sperm counts. Fertility issues could result from excessive drinking-related liver damage.

Tips for Choosing the Best Fertility Centre

How much experience do doctors, technicians, and medical directors have? High staff turnover may indicate poor management, which can lead to errors.

How often do you perform certain procedures? Make sure the facility is familiar with the newest technology and offers a variety of treatments for infertility.

Who will take the decision of how many eggs go back in when a treatment involves fertilising the eggs outside the woman’s body and then putting them within her? You or the doctor?

How much will the treatment cost? While you shouldn’t base your decision solely on cost, knowing the expenditures up front will help you understand what you’re getting into.

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